Thursday, July 29, 2010

Animal Week : Horses


29 July Thursday - Horses

The horse is a hooved mammal and a subspecies of the Equidae.The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BCE , their domestication seems to be widespread during 3000 BCE.Even though horses are now domesticated , there are still endangered species out there.Feral horses are common in the wild , grazing through the fields like angels.They are beautiful animals , their manes and tails are magnificent.I want to ride on them one day.

Horses's anatomy enables them to move quickly and make use of their great speed to escape from predators.They have a well sense of balance and flight to flight instincts.Flight to flight instinct is general discharge of nervous system , priming the animal for fleeing or fighting.In order to escape threat much efficiently , horses could sleep while standing up and lying down.Female horses, called mares, carry their young for approximately 11 months, and a young horse, called a foal, can stand and run shortly following birth.They reach adulthood by 5 years old and have 20-25 years of lifespan.

Horses are divided into categories , "hot bloods" and "cold bloods"."Hot bloods" are more based on speed and endurance , "cold bloods" , such as ponies and draft horses are more suitable for slow and heavy work."Warmbloods" are technically a crossover breeding of "hot bloods" and "cold bloods" , mainly focus on breeding for specific riding purposes , particularly in Europe. There are over 300 breeds of horses in the world today, developed for many different uses.

Horses and humans interact in a wide variety of sport competitions and non-competitive recreational pursuits, as well as in working activities such as police work, agriculture, entertainment, and therapy.Horses were used for warfare , we seen horses charging into battle with valiant lancer knights on their back in video games and movies.Riding and driving techniques were developed in order to increase the efficiency of using horses for transportation.Many products are derived from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares.Humans provide domesticated horses with food, water and shelter, as well as attention from specialists such as veterinarians and farriers.

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Ops my pencil is broken , Heeyah


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